BODY MASS INDEX (BMI)

Biometric Analysis and Body Composition

Anthropometry

Geometric  Analysis

Your Biometric 1

Height   :             _____ (cm)

Weight :               _____ (kg)

Body Mass Index             :               weight [kg]/height(cm)2         =             ______________ (kg/m2)

 

Classification                      :               __________________

 

BMI Chart (Based on WHO/Ministry of Health Singapore [2005])

Figure 1

BMI Classification Health Risk
< 18.5 Underweight Possible nutritional deficiency and osteoporosis
18.5 – 22.9 Normal Low risk (healthy range)
23.0– 27.4 Mild to moderate  overweight Moderate risk of developing heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes mellitus
>27.5 and above Very overweight = obese –       High risk of developing heart disease, high blood  pressure, stroke, diabetes mellitus

–       Metabolic Syndrome

 

Biometric Analysis and Body Composition

BMI is a simple, interactive, quick and easy way to perform, measure and assess if you are underweight, overweight or obese.  It is a measure of body fat based on your weight in relation to your height and applies to most adult men and women aged 20 years and above.

A BMI ≥ 23 suggest that your weight is outside the healthy weight range for your height.

In Singapore, the BMI cut-off figures were revised in 2005 as a result of studies suggesting many Asian populations (including Singapore) have higher proportion of body fat and increased cardiovascular risks when compared to Caucasians at the same BMI cut-offs. (see figure 1)

On a cautionary note, because BMI is a relative measure of weight, it is not designed to distinguish between fat and muscle mass.  Therefore athletes with increased muscle mass rather than increased body fatness may have a high BMI and may be inappropriate classified as “overweight” or “obese”. A trained healthcare provide will perform appropriate and additional health assessments that will help evaluate your overall health status and risks.

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