Biometric Analysis and Body Composition


Geometric  Analysis

Your Biometric 1

Height   :             _____ (cm)

Weight :               _____ (kg)

Body Mass Index             :               weight [kg]/height(cm)2         =             ______________ (kg/m2)


Classification                      :               __________________


BMI Chart (Based on WHO/Ministry of Health Singapore [2005])

Figure 1

BMIClassificationHealth Risk
< 18.5UnderweightPossible nutritional deficiency and osteoporosis
18.5 – 22.9NormalLow risk (healthy range)
23.0– 27.4Mild to moderate  overweightModerate risk of developing heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes mellitus
>27.5 and aboveVery overweight = obese–       High risk of developing heart disease, high blood  pressure, stroke, diabetes mellitus

–       Metabolic Syndrome


Biometric Analysis and Body Composition

BMI is a simple, interactive, quick and easy way to perform, measure and assess if you are underweight, overweight or obese.  It is a measure of body fat based on your weight in relation to your height and applies to most adult men and women aged 20 years and above.

A BMI ≥ 23 suggest that your weight is outside the healthy weight range for your height.

In Singapore, the BMI cut-off figures were revised in 2005 as a result of studies suggesting many Asian populations (including Singapore) have higher proportion of body fat and increased cardiovascular risks when compared to Caucasians at the same BMI cut-offs. (see figure 1)

On a cautionary note, because BMI is a relative measure of weight, it is not designed to distinguish between fat and muscle mass.  Therefore athletes with increased muscle mass rather than increased body fatness may have a high BMI and may be inappropriate classified as “overweight” or “obese”. A trained healthcare provide will perform appropriate and additional health assessments that will help evaluate your overall health status and risks.